Buchanan. I. A S. W. County Of Virginia, bounded N. E. by West Virginia, and separated from Kentucky on the N. W. by the Cumberland mountains; area, 500 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 3,777, of whom 47 were colored. Much of the surface is mountainous. It is watered by Louisa, Russell, and Tug forks of the Sandy river. The chief productions in 1870 were 8,184 bushels of wheat, 82,624 of Indian corn, 14,990 of oats, and 71,955 lbs. of butter. There were 503 horses, 1,565 milch cows, 2,953 other cattle, 5,424 sheep, and 6,686 swine. Capital, Buchanan. II. A N. E. county of Iowa; area, 576 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 17,034. The Dubuque and Sioux City railroad traverses the centre of the county. It is watered by affluents of the Red Cedar river, and by the Wapsipinicon river and Buffalo creek, which intersect it, and is well timbered. The chief productions in 1870 were 719,581 bushels of wheat, 617,310 of Indian corn, 534,530 of oats, 85,282 of potatoes, 28,567 tons of hay, 39,990 lbs. of wool, and 533,519 of butter. There were 6,563 horses, 6,130 milch cows, 8,555 other cattle, 10,687 sheep, and 16,006 swine. Capital, Independence. III. A N. W. county of Missouri, separated from Kansas by the Missouri river; area, about 450 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 35,109, of whom 1,953 were colored.

It is intersected by the Little Platte river, and also drained by Castile and Livingston creeks. The soil is fertile. The railroads passing through the county are the Hannibal and St. Joseph, the Kansas City, St. Joseph and Council Bluff, the Marysville branch of the same, and the Lexington and St. Joseph branch of the North Missouri. The chief productions in 1870 were 239,874 bushels of wheat, 1,070,517 of Indian corn, 157,611 of oats, 122,051 of potatoes, and 3,172 tons of hay. There were 4,542 horses, 1,709 mules and asses, 3,871 milch cows, 5,475 other cattle, 8,729 sheep, and 20,711 swine. Capital, St. Josephs.