Pisgah, a mountain of Palestine, E. of the mouth of the Jordan. Its identification has been a matter of much doubt in modern times, though it was known to Eusebius and Jerome. The Bible associates it with Nebo, from the top of which Moses looked over the land of promise. It has been thought that Nebo was the highest summit, and Pisgah the general name of the mountain; and explorers have sought to identify the summit of Nebo. In 1806 Seetzen suggested that Jebel Attarus, about 12 m. S. of Heshbon, was Nebo, and in 1812 Burckhardt accepted this view as probably right, as did Irby and Mangles in 1818, though with some hesitation. Burckhardt and Robinson mention another summit, Jebel Osha, about 15 m. N. of a line drawn eastward from Jericho. But it has been objected that Osha is too far N. and Attarus too far S. for the Scriptural account, which places the mountain opposite Jericho. De Saulcy in 1863 identified Mt. Nebo with Jebel Neba (or Nebbeh), 4 or 5 m. S. W. of Heshbon. In 1864 the duke de Luynes passed over Jebel Neba without knowing its Arabic name, but, believing it to be Mt. Nebo, named it in his chart Jebel Musa, the mountain of Moses. The same year Tristram seems to have confirmed this identification.

In 1867 Capt. Warren, of the English Palestine exploration fund, ascended Jebel Neba, which he describes as a hill on the edge of the swelling ground at the W. end of the Belka, about 2,670 ft. above the Mediterranean, while in the wady N. of it are springs known as Ay in Musa, the fountain of Moses. In 1873 Prof. John A. Paine, of the American Palestine exploration society, ascended Jebel Neba and the neighboring heights. He reports that the highest point of the ridge, 4 1/2 m. from Heshbon, is called Shefa Neba, .the crest of Nebo, and is 2,725 ft. high. Westward from this crest is a cultivated depression called Sahl Neba, the plain of Nebo, W. of which rises Jebel Neba, a short round summit, 2,685 ft. high, and 1,100 ft. above Ayin Musa. This he identifies with Mt. Nebo; but neither it nor the crest affords a prospect fully equal to that described in the Scripture. A mile and a quarter S. W. of Jebel Neba, however, is a triple summit known as Jebel Sia-ghah, only 2,360 ft. high, but jutting out far to the west, and falling away so rapidly to the west, southwest, and northwest that it commands a more extended view than the higher summits E. of it.

This S. W. point of Jebel Siaghah Prof. Paine identifies with Mt. Pisgah, and he describes it as overlooking two thirds of the Dead sea, the hill country of Judah, the buildings of Bethlehem and Jerusalem, the hills about Nazareth, the Jordan valley, and Persea. The Rev. John L. Porter visited the same region in 1874, and reports that several neighboring peaks are now called by the common name Jebel Neba.