Felix Archimede, a French naturalist, born in Rouen, Aug. 26,1800, died there, Dec. 6, 1872. He was son of Louis Ezechiel Pouchet (1748-1809), an eminent manufacturer and author. In 1827 he took his medical degree in Paris, and in 1828 became professor at the museum of natural history in Rouen and director of that institution, and in 1838 professor at the medical school in that city. He invented an aeroscope and other apparatus, and propounded a theory of spontaneous ovulation, often designated as Pouchet's laws, which involved him in a controversy with Pasteur. His works comprise more than 80 volumes, the principal being Theorie positive de Vovulation spontanee et de la fecondation des mammiferes etde Pespicehumaine(Paris, 1847), for which he received an academical prize of 10,000 francs; Histoire des sciences naturelles au moyen dge (1853); Heteorogenie, ou traite de la generation spontanee (1859); and V Uni-vers, les infiniment grands et les injiniment petits (1865; English translation, "'The Universe, or the Infinitely Great and the Infinitely Little," London, 1870).
Georges, a French anthropolgist, son of the preceding, born in Rouen in 1833. He took his degree in Paris in 1864, and was connected with the museum of natural history there from 1865 to 1869. In 1870 he was for a short time secretary general of the prefecture of police. His works include De la' pluralite des races humaines (Paris, 1858; English translation by Beavan, London, 1864); Precis d'histologic humaine (1863); Memoires sur le grand fourmilier (1868-'9); and Sur les asticots (1873).