Richard Bancroft, an English prelate, born at Farnworth in September, 1544, died in London, Nov. 2,1010. He was chaplain to Sir Christopher Hatton, and afterward to Archbishop Whitgift, through whose and Lord Burleigh's influence Elizabeth nominated him in 1597 bishop of London. The queen employed him in 1600 on a diplomatic mission to Germany, and he attended on her deathbed. James I. promoted him in 1604 to the archbishopric of Canterbury. For nearly a generation he preached against popery; took a prominent part in the disputation before James at Hampton Court between the church of England and the Presbyterian or Puritan party, the measures of the government being afterward formed according to his views; became one of the commissioners for regulating the affairs of the established church and repressing the publication of obnoxious works; and was a member of the privy council, and shortly before his death chancellor of Oxford. He published in 1593 "Dangerous Positions and Proceedings, published and practised within this Island of Brytaine, under Pretence of Reformation, and for the Presbyteriall Discipline," and "A Survey of the pretended Holy Discipline."