Jean Baptists Donation De Vimeur, count de, a French soldier, born in Vendôme, July 1, 1725, died at Thoré, near that city, May 10, 1807. He entered the army in 1742, and distinguished himself in various campaigns, reaching the rank of lieutenant general. In 1780 he was placed in command of the French army sent to America, and in 1781 he actively cooperated with Washington in the movements which led to the capitulation of Cornwallis at Yorktown. Congress presented him with two pieces of cannon captured from the English, and on his return to France in 1783 he was made governor of Pi-cardy and Artois, and in 1791 marshal. In 1792 he commanded the army of the north, but soon resigned. During the reign of terror he was imprisoned, and only escaped the guillotine by the death of Robespierre. Bonaparte named him grand officer of the newly created legion of honor and pensioned him. He left Mémoires, which were edited by Luce de Lancival (2 vols., 1809; translated into English by M. W. E. Wright (1838).
Donatien Marie Joseph De Vimeur, viscount de, a French soldier, son of the preceding, born in 1750, killed at Leipsic, Oct. 18, 1813. He early entered the army, became general in 1792, and fought the negroes in Santo Domingo. In the following year he defeated the allied English and French royalists in Martinique; but the former being reënforced, he was obliged to surrender, March 22, 1794, after holding out for nearly two months at St. Pierre. In 1796 he became governor general of Santo Domingo, but a conflict with the civil authorities resulted in his being carried as a prisoner to France. In 1800 he was placed at the head of a division in Italy. At the close of 1801 he went with Leclerc to Santo Domingo, cooperated in the defeat of Toussaint l'Ouver-ture, and on Leclerc's death (Nov. 2, 1802) succeeded him as governor. He imposed onerous taxes upon the rich to enable him to put down the insurgents, but was overpowered and obliged to return to France in 1803. Contrary to a convention with the British squadron, he was taken prisoner on the French coast and detained in England till 1811. He distinguished himself in the campaign of 1813.