Sir Samuel, an English jurist, born in London, March 1, 1757, died there by his own hand, Nov. 2, 1818. He was descended from French Protestant refugees, was distinguished as a chancery lawyer, and in 1806 was appointed solicitor general. He was elected to the house of commons, and for many years strenuously advocated parliamentary reform, the abolition of the slave trade, the emancipation of the Roman Catholics, and the mitigation of the criminal code. Down to 1818 he had represented "pocket boroughs." In that year he was returned for Westminster without solicitation, but the death of his wife and other sorrows deranged his mind, and led him to commit suicide. His autobiography was published in 1840, in 3 vols.
Baron John, an English jurist, son of the preceding, born in London in 1802, died there, Dec. 23, 1874. He graduated at Trinity college, Cambridge, in 1826, and was called to the bar at Gray's Inn in 1824. He was a member of parliament for Bridport, as a supporter of Lord Grey's administration, from 1832 to 1835, and for a short time in 1846-'7, and for Devonport in 1847-'52. He was solicitor general from 1848 to 1850, when he was knighted, attorney general in 1850-51, and master of the rolls from 1851 to 1872. He was raised to the peerage in 1866 as Baron Romilly of Barry, in the county of Glamorgan.