A S. W. County Of North Carolina, bordering on South Carolina and drained by the head waters of Broad river, a branch of the Congaree; area, about 850 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 13,121, of whom 2,642 were colored. It has a hilly surface, and but a portion of the soil is fertile. The chief productions in 1870 were 24,406 bushels of wheat, 272,485 of Indian corn, 39,678 of oats, 26,474 of sweet potatoes, 122 bales of cotton, 13,119 lbs. of tobacco, 9,509 of wool, 77,609 of butter, 25,015 of honey, and 17,015 gallons of sorghum molasses. There were 1,142 horses, 747 mules and asses, 1,966 milch cows, 3,384 other cattle, 6,496 sheep, and 9,738 swine. Capital, Rutherfordton.
A Central County Of Tennessee, intersected by Stone river, a branch of the Cumberland; area, about 550 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 33,289, of whom 16,478 were colored. It has a diversified surface and a very fertile soil. It is intersected by the Nashville, Chattanooga, and St. Louis railroad. The chief productions in 1870 were 174,745 bushels of wheat, 867,443 of Indian corn, 63,514 of oats, 22,141 of Irish and 24,299 of sweet potatoes, 2,490 tons of hay, 23,285 lbs. of wool, 291,844 of butter, 8,412 bales of cotton, and 14,969 gallons of sorghum molasses. There were 7,953 horses, 3,493 mules and asses, 5,862 milch cows, 8,184 other cattle. 17,183 sheep, and 33,376 swine; 4 flour mills, 3 saw mills, and 4 wool-carding and cloth-dressing establishments. Capital, Murfreesboro.