Sacramento, a river of California, draining with the San Joaquin the central valley of the state. It rises on the southern slope of Mt. Shasta, in lat. 41° 25' N., and runs principally S. 370 m. to its mouth in Suisun bay, which communicates through San Pablo and San Francisco bays and the Golden Gate with the Pacific ocean. It is navigable to Sacramento, about 80 m. from Suisun bay, by vessels drawing 3 ft. of water, and to Tehama, 180 m. further, by steamboats drawing 15 in. The chief tributaries are the Pitt, Feather, and American rivers, all coming in from the eastward. Pitt river is larger and longer than the Sacramento at the junction, and is named on some of the maps, but not in common usage, the Upper Sacramento. It rises in the N. E. corner of the state, and in wet seasons is the outlet of Goose lake, the basin of which extends into Oregon.
Sacramento, a central county of California, bounded N. by the American river, S. by the Calaveras and San Joaquin, and W. by the Sacramento, and intersected by the Mokelumne and Cosumnes rivers; area, 1,026 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 26,830, of whom 3,596 were Chinese. It has a diversified surface, nearly level in the west and hilly toward the east, and the soil is generally fertile. The E. portion contains deposits of gold. It is traversed by the Central Pacific and other railroads. The chief productions in 1870 were 126,135 bushels of wheat, 62,280 of Indian corn, 589,513 of barley, 72,-055 of Irish and 148,920 of sweet potatoes, 74,797 gallons of wine, 515,213 lbs. of wool, 319,500 of hops, 439,835 of butter, 88,050 of cheese, and 21,827 tons of hay. There were 9,462 horses, 9,050 milch cows, 13,149 other cattle, 113,304 sheep, and 14,749 swine; 2 manufactories of bags, 4 of boots and shoes, 6 of brick, 5 of carriages and wagons, 10 of men's clothing, 4 of confectionery, 4 of cooperage, 5 of furniture, 2 of gas, 5 of malt liquors, 3 of machinery, 2 of engines and boilers, 10 of saddlery and harness, 2 of sash, doors, and blinds, 5 of tin, copper, and sheet-iron ware, 1 of woollen goods, and 3 flouring mills.