James Augustus, an English author, born in Carmarthenshire, Sept. 24, 1801. He went to London at the age of 17, edited a newspaper at Plymouth, published a poem entitled "Abdallah," and became subeditor with James Silk Buckingham of the "Oriental Herald." He afterward travelled in the East and resided abroad for many years, and while writing at Chantilly, France, his "History of the Manners and Customs of Ancient Greece " (3 vols. 8vo, London, 1842) became nearly blind. Among his other works are: "Description of Egypt and Nubia" (8vo, 1834); "History, Manners, and Customs of the Hindoos" (2 vols., 1834-'5); "Isis, an Egyptian Pilgrimage" (2 vols., 1852); "The Nemesis of Power: Forms and Causes of Revolutions;" "There and Back again in search of Beauty: Italy" (2 vols., 1853); "Philosophy at the Foot of the Cross" (1855); "History of the Four Conquests of England, Roman, Anglo-Saxon, Danish, and Norman" (2 vols., 1861); and "Life of Sir Walter Raleigh" (2 vols., 1868). He has also published four novels, entitled "Tales of the Ramad'han," "Margaret Ravenscroft," "Sir Cosmo Digby," and "Weighed in the Balance."
Percy Boling-Broke, an English author, son of the preceding, born in Plymouth, March 4, 1821. He accompanied his father in his travels, and assisted him in the preparation of some of his works, and received from the Greek parliament a vote of thanks for his activity in the cause of the Greeks before the Crimean war. He also travelled in America. He has published "The Young Naturalist's Book of Birds" (London, 1844); "Three Days of the French Revolution" (1848); "Quadroona, or the Slave Mother" (1861); "The Creole Bride" (1864); and "Good as Gold" (1870).
Bayle, an English traveller, brother of the preceding, born in London, Aug. 9, 1822, died there, Aug. 1, 1859. His chief works are: "Adventures in the Libyan Desert;" "Manners and Politics in the Ottoman Empire;" "Two Years' Residence in a Levantine Family;" "Views in the Oasis of Siwah" (fol.); "The Subalpine Kingdom," containing some curious documents on the life of Rousseau; "Purple Tints of Paris: Sketches and Manners;" "The Turks in Europe" (1853); "The Louvre, or Biography of a Museum" (1855); "Legends of the Christian East" (1857); and "Montaigne the Essayist" (1857).
Spenser, brother of the preceding, born in London, Dec. 22, 1826. He studied the Malay language, and was for several years consul general in Borneo. In 1861 he became charge d'affaires and subsequently minister to Hayti. He has published "Life in the Forests of the Far East" (London, 1862).
Horace Roscoe, brother of the preceding, born in Normandy in 1830. He was editor for a time of the "London Leader," and with his brothers Bayle and Percy for a short time conducted the "Utopia." He has published "Life of Columbus" (London, 1850), "History of the British Conquests in India" (2 vols., 1852), and "The Indian Archipelago" (2 vols., 1853). His wife has published "Audubon, the Naturalist in the New World" (1856), "English Women and the Age" (1860), and "Masani-ello of Naples" (1865).
Saint John's, a N. E. county of Florida, lying between the St. John's river and the Atlantic, and drained by the St. John's and its affluents; area, 900 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 2,618, of whom 681 were colored. The surface is flat and much of it marshy. There are some live oaks. The chief productions in 1870 were 7,630 bushels of Indian corn, 15,235 of sweet potatoes, 1,000 lbs. of rice, 67 hogsheads of sugar, and 3,457 gallons of molasses.
Saint Johns, a S. W. county of Quebec, Canada, bordering on New York; area, 175 sq. m.; pop. in 1871, 12,122, of whom 9,415 were of French, 1,285 of English, and 963 of Irish origin. It is bounded E. by the Richelieu river, and is traversed by the Rouse's Point division of the Grand Trunk railway. Capital, St. Johns.