Saint Pachomh's, the founder of the first organized monastic community, born in Upper Egypt in 292, died about 348. He was born a pagan, but about the age of 20, while serving in the army, became a convert to Christianity. As soon as his term of military scrvico expired he placed himself under the direction of a hermit of the Thebaid named Palaemon, and afterward (340) retired to the island of Tabennae in the Nile, between the nomes of Tentyra and Thebes. His disciples soon became numerous. They occupied different houses, each of which had its superior, and several houses combined formed a monastery, which was ruled by an abbot. The whole body of monks, amounting at times to 7,000, recognized a common superior. On the opposite bank of the Nile there was a convent for women founded by the sister of Pachomius, and governed by the same rules as those for the men. The rules of Pachomius were translated into Latin by St. Jerome, and are still extant in Lucas Holstenius's Codex Regularum Monasticarum et Canonicarum (fol., Geneva, 1769). Several of his letters have also been preserved, and both may be found in Galland's Bihliotheca Patrum (1768).