Samaria (Heb. Shomeron), an ancient city in middle Palestine, in the tribe of Ephraim, so called after the hill of Shomeron, upon which it was founded about 925 B. C. by Omri, the sixth king of Israel. Omri made Samaria the royal residence, and it remained so until the captivity of the ten tribes. In 721 it was conquered by the Assyrian king Shalmaneser, and peopled with colonists from the Assyrian provinces. In 109 it was besieged, conquered, and razed to the ground by the Asmonean John Hyrcanus; but it must have been soon rebuilt, for in 104 it is mentioned as a town belonging to the Jewish territory. Augustus gave it to Herod the Great, who embellished it with a temple of Augustus and other buildings, strongly fortified it, and called it, in honor of the emperor, Sebaste (the Greek word corresponding to Augusta). The ancient name of the city was also retained, and is mentioned in the New Testament. The later history of the town is unknown, but a little village, Sebus-tieh, with some ruins, still exists on its site, and contains about 60 houses, substantially built of old materials, which exhibit here and there traces of the splendor of ancient Sebaste. Under the Romans a whole division of Palestine was also called Samaria, forming a separate province between Judea and Galilee.