Sandor Petofi, a Hungarian poet, born in Little Cumania, Jan. 1,1823, disappeared July 31, 1849. He was the son of a tavern keeper, and after irregular studies at various schools became a strolling player; but he soon made himself known by his songs, and at the age of 24 was acknowledged the foremost lyric poet of his country. On March 15, 1848, he headed the movement in Pesth which formed the first scene in the Hungarian revolution of that year, and throughout the war his stirring songs greatly increased the patriotic enthusiasm. During the campaign in Transylvania he was aide-de-camp of Gen. Bern, and was last seen at Schasburg among the scattered remnants of the army, pursued by Cossacks. There is little doubt that he perished; but for many years the popular belief in Hungary was that he still lived. His "Poems" have appeared in various editions, and selections from them have been translated into German, French, and English. - See Chassin, Le poete de la revolution hongroise, Alexandre Petcefi (1860).