Scapular (Lat. scapula, the shoulder blade), a part of the habit of most ancient religious orders, and in particular a badge worn by the guild of the scapular of our Lady of Mount Carmel, as a symbol of the wearer's connection with the Carmelite order. The full religious habit called scapular is an oblong piece of cloth with a hole in the middle for the head, and falling over the shoulders and breast below the knees. It varies in color in different orders, and the same variety of color attaches to the symbolic scapular, the scapular of the passion being red, that of the immaculate conception blue, etc. That of Mount Carmel is composed of two small square pieces of brown cloth connected by ribbons or strings, and bearing emblems or monograms of Christ and his mother. This confraternity was first instituted about 1250 by St. Simon Stock, sixth general of the Carmelites, and spread rapidly from England throughout Christendom. It counted among its members Kings Edward I. of England and Louis IX. (saint) of France. It was endowed by the popes with many privileges and indulgences, and is the most popular guild in the Roman Catholic church.