Scioto, a river of Ohio, rising in Hardin co., and flowing first nearly E. and then S. by E. to Columbus, thence S. to the Ohio, which it joins at Portsmouth. It is about 200 m. long, and navigable 130 m. Its principal tributaries are the Olentangy or Whetstone river, which unites with it at Columbus, and Darby, Walnut, and Paint creeks. The Ohio and Erie canal follows its lower course for 90 m. The Scioto valley is famed for its fertility and wealth. - The Little Scioto is a small stream which flows into the Ohio 8 m. above Portsmouth.

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Scioto, a S. county of Ohio, bounded S. by the Ohio river and watered by the Scioto and Little Scioto rivers and branches; area, about 500 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 29,302. The surface is uneven and the soil fertile. In the E. part of the county iron is plentiful, and large furnaces and founderies are in operation. The Portsmouth branch of the Marietta and Cincinnati railroad traverses it. The chief productions in 1873 were 73,365 bushels of wheat, 818,603 of Indian corn, 116,569 of oats, 60,701 of potatoes, 7,179 tons of hay, 2,619 lbs. of tobacco, 204,384 of butter, and 11,232 of wool; 91,266 bushels of coal and 27,576 tons of iron ore were mined, and 14,876 tons of pig iron manufactured. In 1874 there were 5,579 horses, 12,886 cattle, 6,979 sheep, and 13,976 swine. In 1870 there were 8 manufactories of carriages and wagons, 5 of charcoal, 10 of cooperage, 7 of furniture, 2 of forged and rolled iron, 1 of nails and spikes, 6 of pig and 3 of cast iron, 4 of tanned and 2 of curried leather, 1 of engines and boilers, 3 of marble and stone work, 6 saw mills, 2 planing mills, 2 flour mills, and 2 woollen mills.

Capital, Portsmouth.