Sedgwick, a S. county of Kansas, intersected by the Arkansas river, and drained by the Little Arkansas and other affluents of that stream; area, 1,512 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 1,095. The southwestern branch of the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fé railroad terminates at the county seat. The surface is undulating and the soil fertile. The chief productions in 1870 were 6,652 bushels of wheat, 1,100 of oats, 1,290 of potatoes, and 2,000 lbs. of wool. There were 407 horses, 760 cattle, 307 sheep, and 165 swine. Capital, Wichita.
Theodore, an American statesman, born in Hartford, Conn., in May, 1746, died in Boston, Mass., Jan. 24, 1813. After a partial course at Yale college, he studied law, and in April, 1766, was admitted to the bar, and began practice at Sheffield, Berkshire co., Mass., which he represented several times in the legislature. In 1776 he served as aid to Gen. Thomas in the expedition to Canada. About the close of 1785 he removed to Stock-bridge, and in that year and the next was a member of the continental congress. In the winter of 1787 he took a leading part in the suppression of Shays's rebellion. In 1788 he was a member of the Massachusetts convention which ratified the federal constitution, and speaker of the house of representatives of the state. He was a representative in congress from 1789 to 1796, and U. S. senator 1796-'9, and in 1799 again a representative and speaker of the house. In 1802 he was appointed to the bench of the supreme court of Massachusetts, where he remained till his death. Judge Sedgwick was an active member of the old federal party, and was ardently hostile to slavery.
Shortly after the adoption of the Massachusetts constitution (1780), Elizabeth Freeman, a negro woman belonging to a Mr. Ashley of Sheffield, having fled in consequence of ill treatment, her master sued to regain his slave. She was defended by Mr. Sedgwick, and by the decision of the court pronounced free. This, it is believed, was the first fruit of the declaration in the Massachusetts bill of rights that "all men are born free and equal," and led to the extinction of slavery in that state.
Theodore, an American lawyer, eldest son of the preceding, born in Sheffield, Mass., Dec. 31, 1780, died in Pittsfield, Nov. 7, 1839. He graduated at Yale college in 1798, was admitted to the bar in 1801, and practised at Albany, N. Y., till 1821, when he retired to Stock-bridge. He was a member of the state legislature in 1824, 1825, and 1827, and carried through a bill for a railroad across the mountains from Boston to Albany. He advocated free trade, temperance, and anti-slavery, and published "Hints to my Countrymen" (1826), and "Public and Private Economy, illustrated by Observations made in Europe in 1836-'7" (3 vols. 12mo, New York, 1838). - His wife, Susan Ridley (died 1867), was the author, among other works, of "The Morals of Pleasure" (1829); "The Young Emigrants" and "The Children's Week" (1830); "Allen Pres-cott" (1835); "Alida" (1844); and "Walter Thornley" (1859).
Catharine Maria, an American authoress, daughter of Judge Theodore Sedgwick, born in Stockbridge, Mass., in 1789, died near Roxbury, July 31, 1867. She published "The New England Tale" anonymously in 1822, and it had an immediate and wide popularity. In 1824 she published "Redwood," which was republished in England, and translated into French, Italian, German, and Swedish. Her subsequent publications inelude "Hope Leslie, or Early Times in America" (1827); "Clarence, or a Tale of our own Times" (1830); "Le Bossu," a story for the young (1832); "The Linwoods," a romance of the revolution, and a collection of tales (1835); a series of juveniles, including "The Poor Rich Man and Rich Poor Man," "Live and Let Live," "Means and Ends," "Home," and "Love Token for Children" (1836-'9); the life of Lucretia Maria Davidson, in Sparks's "American Biography" (1837); "Letters from Abroad to Kindred at Home," after a visit to Europe (1841); "Wilton Harvey, and other Tales" (1845); and "Married or Single?" (1857). - See "Life and Letters of Miss Sedgwick," edited by Mary E. Dewey (New York, 1871).
Theodore, an American lawyer, son of Theodore Sedgwick, 2d, born in Albany, N. Y., Jan. 27, 1811, died in Stockbridge, Mass., Dec. 9, 1859. He graduated at Columbia college, New York, in 1829, and was admitted to the bar in May, 1833. The next 15 months he passed in Europe, chiefly at Paris, where he was attached to the legation of Edward Livingston. On his return home he commenced practice in New York, which he prosecuted with great industry and success till about 1850. He published a memoir of William Livingston (1833); "Treatise on the Measure of Damages, or an Inquiry into the Principles which govern the Amount of Compensation recovered in Suits at Law" (1847; 5th ed., 1869); and a "Treatise on the Rules which govern the Interpretation and Application of Statutory and Constitutional Law" (1857). In January, 1858, he was appointed United States attorney for the southern district of New York. He edited the political writings of William Leggett (2 vols. 8vo, New York, 1840).