Serinagur, a city of India, capital of Cashmere, by which name it has also sometimes been called, in lat. 34° 6' N., Ion. 74° 55' E., near the centre of the valley of Cashmere, 5,246 ft. above the sea, 170 m. N. N. E. of Lahore; pop. about 135,000. It extends about 4 m. along both sides of the Jhylum, which is crossed by five wooden bridges, and winds through the town as a deep and placid stream about 100 yards wide. The exterior appearance of Serinagur is picturesque and attractive. From its delightful situation and innumerable canals it has been called the Venice of Asia; but within it is for the most part extremely filthy. The houses, which are generally dilapidated, are built of thin bricks with timber frames, many of them three stories high. The principal public buildings are the Jumna Mes-jid, or great mosque, in which it is said 60,000 persons can worship together, and the dungeon-like palace of the maharajah, surmounted by a shining cupola. On the east is a lake 5 m. long and 2 1/2 m. broad, known as the Dal of Serinagur, which is connected with the Jhylum by a canal, is surrounded by beautiful scenery, and was formerly a favorite resort of the Mogul emperors, many of whose pleasure grounds and palaces still remain; the most noted is the Shalimar Bagh, laid out by the emperor Jehanghir, which Moore selected for the closing scene of "Lalla Rookh." This lake is celebrated for its floating gardens, formed by placing layers of soil on tangled masses of aquatic plants, where the finest melons and cucumbers are cultivated.
Serinagur is the centre of the shawl manufacture of Cashmere. Silk is also raised and manufactured.