Setter (canis index, Caius), a sporting dog of the hound group. The head is remarkably developed, the brain very large, and the animal evinces intelligence, affection, and docility. The figure is intermediate between that of the pointer and spaniel, and it is generally considered as descended from the crossing of these two varieties; it resembles a large breed of the spaniel, and is probably of Spanish origin; the hair is long and silky, less smooth than in the pointer, with much of the waved character seen in the spaniel, even on the ears. The best breeds are those of England and Ireland; the most ancient colors were deep chestnut and white; the English setter is generally white with large spots or blotches of liver color or reddish brown; many are marked with black. The natural instinct to crouch at the sight or scent of game has been cultivated in the setter, but they have been taught also to point with the fore foot raised, so that practically the setter and pointer are used in the same way; they are used only as gun dogs and for birds; their sense of smell is very acute.

They take to the water better than the pointer, and are better in close coverts; they will work well with pointers; in the United States they are taught to bring game; they will almost always point at the scent of turkeys, but not of other domestic fowls.

Setter.

Setter.