Shelby, the name of counties in nine of the United States.

I. A Central County Of Alabama

A Central County Of Alabama, bounded E. by the Coosa river and intersected by the Cahawba; area, about 900 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 12,218, of whom 3,378 were colored. The surface is hilly with considerable forests, and the soil is well watered and highly fertile. Coal and iron ore abound. It is traversed by the Selma, Rome, and Dal-ton, and the South and North Alabama railroads. The chief productions in 1870 were 30,275 bushels of wheat, 221,618 of Indian corn, 26,189 of oats, 22,358 of sweet potatoes, 2,194 bales of cotton, 3,710 lbs. of tobacco, and 6,283 of wool. There were 1,174 horses, 2,680 milch cows, 3,923 other cattle, 3,524 sheep, and 9,787 swine; 1 manufactory of cotton thread, 1 of pig and 1 of cast iron, 2 of lime, and 5 saw mills. Capital, Columbiana.

II. An E. County Of Texas

An E. County Of Texas, bordering on Louisiana, bounded E. by the Sabine and W. by the At-toyac river; area, 844 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 5,732, of whom 1,755 were colored. The surface is generally level and the soil rich. The chief productions in 1870 were 168,827 bushels of Indian corn, 21,416 of sweet potatoes, and 4,090 bales of cotton. There were 1,597 horses, 3,219 milch cows, 1,058 working oxen, 7,276 other cattle, 2,173 sheep, and 13,709 swine. Capital, Shelbyville.

III. A S. W. County Of Tennessee

A S. W. County Of Tennessee, bordering on Mississippi, bounded W. by the Mississippi river, which separates it from Arkansas, intersected by Loosahatchee and "Wolf rivers, and traversed by several railroads; area, 720 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 76,378, of whom 36,640 were colored. The surface is level and the soil very fertile. The chief productions in 1870 were 19,025 bushels of wheat, 940,796 of Indian corn, 22,419 of Irish and 50,747 of sweet potatoes, 32,434 bales of cotton, and 1,264 lbs. of wool. There were 4,857 horses, 3,715 milch cows, 6,117 other cattle, 17,591 sheep, and 33,687 swine. There are many manufacturing establishments, chiefly in Memphis, the county seat.

IV. A N. County Of Kentucky

A N. County Of Kentucky, drained by Beech and other large creeks; area, about 565 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 15,733, of whom 5,383 were colored. The surface is hilly and diversified with fine forests; the soil is very rich. It is traversed by the Louisville, Cincinnati, and Lexington railroad. The chief productions in 1870 were 171,562 bushels of wheat, 62,097 of rye, 1,125,787 of Indian corn, 156,935 of oats, 240,435 lbs. of tobacco, 37,512 of wool, 229,050 of butter, and 13,497 gallons of sorghum molasses. There were 6,781 horses, 2,022 mules and asses, 4,191 milch cows, 8,980 other cattle, 9,436 sheep, and 39,852 swine; 9 manufactories of carriages and wagons, 8 of saddlery and harness, 1 flour mill, and 4 saw mills. Capital, Shelbyville.

V. A W. County Of Ohio

A W. County Of Ohio, intersected by the Miami river; area, 425 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 20,748. The N. part is level, the 8. undulating, and the soil fertile. It is traversed by the Miami canal and the Cleveland, Columbus, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis, and the Dayton and Michigan railroads. The chief productions in 1873 were 331,293 bushels of wheat, 831,417 of Indian corn, 253,-484 of oats, 37,323 of barley, 35,095 of potatoes, 11,404 tons of hay, 131,970 lbs. of tobacco, 67,709 of wool, 336,884 of butter, and 9,345 gallons of sorghum molasses. In 1874 there were 7,390 horses, 14,605 cattle, 22,461 sheep, and 25,169 hogs. In 1870 there were 2 manufactories of agricultural implements, 14 of carriages and wagons, 1 of woollen goods, 3 tanneries, 7 flour mills, and 19 sawmills. Capital, Sidney.

VI. A S. E. County Of Indiana

A S. E. County Of Indiana, drained by the Blue river and numerous other streams, and traversed by several railroads; area, about 400 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 21,892. The surface is level and the soil fertile. The chief productions in 1870 were 669,509 bushels of wheat, 1,509,448 of Indian corn, 40,227 of oats, 12,754 of barley, 8,574 tons of hay, 22,-730 lbs. of tobacco, 39,494 of wool, 414,863 of butter, and 31,637 gallons of sorghum molasses. There were 7,739 horses, 5,202 milch cows, 7,928 other cattle, 14,250 sheep, and 34,918 swine; 11 manufactories of carriages and wagons, 2 of woollen goods, 1 distillery, 9 flour mills, 16 saw mills, and 1 planing mill. Capital, Shelbyville.

VII. A Central County Of Illinois

A Central County Of Illinois, intersected by the Kaskaskia and Little Wabash rivers, and traversed by several railroads; area, about 800 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 25,476. The surface is almost level, and the soil fertile. The chief productions in 1870 were 467,541 bushels of wheat, 2,082,578 of Indian corn, 637,812 of oats, 138,314 of potatoes, 23,687 tons of hay, 6,469 lbs. of tobacco, 222,042 of wool, 368,649 of butter, and 75,183 gallons of sorghum molasses. There were 13,059 horses, 1,271 mules and asses, 7,513 milch cows, 11,204 other cattle, 62,868 sheep, and 43,411 swine; 6 manufactories of carriages and wagons, 1 of woollen goods, 2 brick yards, 9 flour mills, and 9 saw mills. Capital, Shelbyville.

VIII. A W. County Of Iowa

A W. County Of Iowa, drained by Boyer and other rivers; area, about 625 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 2,540. The surface is rolling and the soil fertile. A portion of the county is traversed by the Chicago, Rock Island, and Pacific railroad. The chief productions in 1870 were 155,320 bushels of Indian corn, 25,594 of oats, 6,492 tons of hay, 11,103 lbs. of wool, 61,834 of butter, and 3,002 gallons of sorghum molasses. There were 1,199 horses, 1,151 milch cows, 1,516 other cattle, 2,806 sheep, and 2,060 swine. Capital, Harlan.

IX. A N. E. County Of Missouri

A N. E. County Of Missouri, intersected by the North fork of Salt river and the South Fabius river, and by the Hannibal and St. Joseph railroad; area, about 520 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 10,119, of whom 571 were colored. The surface is moderately hilly and the soil good. Bituminous coal and limestone are abundant, and timber is scarce. The chief productions in 1870 were 41,258 bushels of wheat, 297,982 of Indian corn, 161,559 of oats, 18,715 tons of hay, 36,596 lbs. of wool, 146,905 of butter, and 9,413 gallons of sorghum molasses. There were 3,741 horses, 541 mules and asses, 3,504 milch cows, 7,776 other cattle, 13,028 sheep, and 14,223 swine. Capital, Shelbyville.