Shropshire, Or Salop, a W. county of England, bordering on the counties of Chester, Stafford, Worcester, Hereford, Radnor, Montgomery, and Denbigh; area, 1,291 sq. m.; pop. in 1871, 248,064. The surface is greatly diversified. Toward the frontiers of Wales it becomes wild and mountainous, while the other parts are comparatively level. The Severn flows S. E. between the elevated and the level portions, and has a course within the county of nearly 70 m., all navigable. Its chief tributaries are the Tern and the Teme. There are several small lakes, of which Elles-mere, covering 116 acres, is the largest. There is communication by canals with all the important rivers of England. The soil varies much, and there are considerable tracts of moorland, but much of it is easily worked and yields good crops. Large numbers of cattle are reared. Lead mines are worked to a considerable extent. Iron, coal, and limestone are found, and the manufacture of iron is extensively carried on. There are manufactures of machinery, glass, stone-china ware, earthenware, and coarse linen and woollen goods.
The principal towns are Shrewsbury, the capital, Bridgenorth, Wenlock, and Ludlow.