John Templar, an American naval officer, born in South Carolina, Sept. 12, 1778, lost at sea in 1815. He entered the service as a midshipman in 1806, and was attached to the Chesapeake in her affair with the Leopard in 1807. In May, 1812, he was made a lieutenant, and served in the Constitution in her action with the Guerriere in August, 1812, and in the Hornet's with the Peacock in February, 1813. For his services in these engagements he received medals from con-gress. He was second lieutenant of the President when she was captured by a British squadron in January, 1815. In that year he was first lieutenant of the Guerriere, and was present in all the operations against Algiers. On the conclusion of peace, he was despatched with the treaty to the United States in the Epervier sloop of war, which was never heard from after she left the Mediterranean.
William Branford, an American naval officer, brother of the preceding, born in South Carolina, Oct. 31, 1790, died in Washington, D. C, May 27,1874. He was appointed midshipman in June, 1806, and in May, 1807, joined the sloop of war Wasp. At the beginning of the war of 1812 he was an acting lieutenant on board the Hornet, and was soon transferred to the frigate Constellation, which rendered important services in defence of Norfolk and the navy yard at Gosport. In 1813 he was transferred to the Constitution, in which he made two cruises, and aided in the capture of three ships of war, including the Cyane and Levant (1815). When the Levant surrendered he was ordered to her command. He returned to the United States in May, 1815, second in command of the Constitution, and was awarded a sword by his native state and a medal by congress. In December, 1815, he was. made senior lieutenant of the Washington, 74 guns, under Creighton, the first ship of the line which made a full cruise under the United States flag, returning in 1818. He became commander in 1820 and captain in 1831, and on Feb. 3, 1844, was appointed chief of the naval bureau of provisions and clothing.
On July 9, 1846, he was appointed to command the Pacific squadron; on July 8, 1853, the eastern coast squadron; and on Sept. 8, 1858, the Brazil squadron and Paraguay expedition, from which he returned May 11, 1859. On July 16, 1862, he was commissioned rear admiral.