Simonet Caboche, leader of a French faction in the 15th century, in the pay of John the Fearless, duke of Burgundy, against the Ar-magnac or Orleans faction. He gave his name to the gang of Cabochians or ecorcheurs (flayers), chiefly composed of the powerful corporation of Paris butchers, of which he was a member, who were strengthened by the theologians of the Sorbonne and other disaffected persons. They seized the Bastile in 1413, invaded the royal palace, and forced Charles VI. and the dauphin to wear a white hood, their emblem of liberty, and to pass the ordonnance cnpochienne as a guarantee of political reforms. They accused Pierre des Essarts, a former finance minister and provost, of peculation, and instigated his execution. They were at last put to flight by the citizens under the command of the dauphin, eldest brother of Charles VII., after having made Paris for several years the theatre of pillage and murder. Although their power was broken, they afterward recommenced a reign of terror, Caboche being the most notorious of the ringleaders; but he was soon lost sight of.