A N. W. State Of Mexico, bounded N. by Sonora, E. by Chihuahua and Duran-go, S. by Jalisco, and W. by the Pacific and the gulf of California; area, 25,927 sq. m.; pop. in 1869, 163,095. The entire eastern portion is mountainous, being traversed by a branch of the Sierra Madre; while the western comprises extensive plains gradually declining toward the coast, which is generally low. The coast is indented by bays, the largest of which is that of Navachiste, and presents several harbors, such as Mazatlan, Angeles, Altata, Tama-zulla, Popolobampo, and Navachiste, none of which are very commodious. The chief rivers are the Fuerte and Canas, forming respectively the northern and southern boundaries, Sinaloa, and Culiacan; some of these, with their affluents, periodically overflow their banks, fertilizing the surrounding country. The mineral productions include gold, silver, platinum, copper, iron, lead, and sulphur; but mines of the first two only are worked, the average annual yield being $500,000, of which seven eighths is silver. The climate is excessively hot, and in many parts unhealthful, particularly in the south and in the coast region. The soil is for the most part fertile; the principal agricultural products are coffee, rice, and sugar cane.
Many of the tropical fruits, particularly guavas and bananas, are very abundant, though the last are so extensively consumed as to be imported in immense quantities. The chief occupations are agriculture and mining, the manufacture of castor oil and the liquor called mezcal, and pearl and tortoise fisheries along the coasts. Brazil wood, pearls, gold, and silver are exported in large quantities. Sinaloa is divided into the districts of Rosario, Concordia, Mazatlan, San Ignacio, Cosala, Culiacan, Mocorito, Sinaloa and Fuerte. The capital is Culiacan, and the chief port Mazatlan.
An Inland Town Of The Preceding State, on the right bank of a river of the same name, in the midst of a gold-mining district, 220 m. X. N. W. of Mazatlan; pop. about 9,000. It has good houses, a church, and a school; and the inhabitants are chiefly engaged in mining. It was the capital of the old province of Sinaloa.