Sir John, a Scottish agriculturist, born at Thurso castle, Caithness, May 10, 1754, died Dec. 21, 1835. From 1780 to 1810 he was a member of parliament. He had an estate of 100,000 acres in Caithness, and devoted himself to the development of agriculture, the improvement of wool, and the revival of coast fisheries; and he built up the village of Thurso into a flourishing port. In 1786 he was created a baronet. The board of agriculture was established by act of parliament in 1793 mainly through his efforts, and he was its first president. He was the author of numerous volumes and pamphlets on agriculture, finances, and other subjects, and also published " Observations on the Scottish Dialect" (1782); " History of the Public Revenue of the British Empire" (3 vols., 1785-'9); '-Statistical Account of Scotland" (21 vols., 1791-'9); and "Code of Health and Longevity " (4 vols., 1807).
Sir George, a Scottish author, son of the preceding, born in Edinburgh, Oct. 23, 1790, died Oct. 9, 1868. For several years he represented Caithness in parliament. He published " Selections from the Correspondence on the Scottish Church Question " (1842); "Letters to the Protestants of Scotland" (1852); "Miscellaneous Thoughts on Popery, Prelacy, and Presbyterianism " (1853); "Two Hundred Years of Popery in France, 1515-1715 " (1853); and "Popery in the First Century" (1855). His life has been written by James Grant (London, 1869).
John, a Scottish clergyman, brother of the preceding, born Aug. 20, 1797, died in London, May 22, 1875. After graduating at Pembroke college, Oxford, he took orders, and in 1843 was made archdeacon of Middlesex. In 1853 he visited the United States in behalf of the society for the propagation of the gospel. He published a life of his father (2 vols., Edinburgh, 1837), and "Sketches of Old Times and Distant Places" (London, 1875). IA. Catharine, a Scottish authoress, sister of the preceding, born in Edinburgh, April 17, 1800, died in London, Aug. 6, 1864. She was her father's secretary in the latter part of his life. Besides numerous books for children and miscellaneous works, she published several novels, including "Modern Accomplishments" (18S5); "Holiday House" (1839); "Modern Flirtations" (1841); "Jane Bouverie" (1845); "Lord and Lady Harcourt" (1850); "Beatrice" (1852); and "Torchester Abbey, or Cross Purposes" (1855).