Sioot, Or Osioot (anc. Lycopolis), a city of Egypt, capital of a province of the same name, and residence of the governor of Upper Egypt, near the left bank of the Nile, about 250 m. above Cairo, under a hilly ridge of sand cliffs, which have been extensively excavated; pop. about 25,000. A magnificent embankment studded with trees leads to the town, which has several beautiful mosques and good bazaars; but the streets are narrow and un-paved, and most of the houses are mere hovels. There are successful schools under the care of American missionaries, and British and American consular agents. Sioot was formerly much frequented by caravans from the interior. The most important manufacture is that of pipe bowls. There are ruins here of a Roman amphitheatre, vast rock tombs of the 12th dynasty, and ancient alabaster quarries in the opposite range of hills. The city was once devoted to the worship of the wolf, or of the deity to which that animal was sacred, from which its ancient Greek name is derived.