Sir Arthur Helps, an English author, born about 1817. He was educated at Trinity college, Cambridge, entered the public service as private secretary to Lord Monteagle, chancellor of the exchequer, and was appointed commissioner of French, Danish, and Spanish claims. He was afterward secretary to Lord Morpeth, chief secretary for Ireland, in 1859 became clerk of the privy council, and was knighted in 1872. His earlier publications, all of which appeared anonymously, are: "Thoughts in the Cloister and the Crowd " (London, 1835); "Essays written in the Intervals of Business" (1841); two dramas entitled "King Henry II." and "Catharine Douglas" (1843); and "The Claims of Labor" (1844). A work which much enhanced his reputation as a subtle thinker and graceful writer was entitled " Friends in Council, a Series of Headings and Discourses thereon" (1847; 2d series, 1859), a collection of essays with conversations interspersed. It was followed by a similar work entitled " Companions of my Solitude " (1851). His "Conquerors of the New World, and their Bondsmen" (2 vols., 1848-52) was enlarged into " The Spanish Conquest in America " (3 vols., 1855-'7), in which he narrates the origin and growth of negro slavery.

His later works are: "Realmah" (1808); "The Life of Pizarro" (1869); "Casimir Maremna" and "Brevia, or Short Essays and Aphorisms" (1870); "Conversations on War and general Culture," " Lite of Cortes," and " Thoughts upon Government "

(1871) ; "Life and Labors of Mr. Brassey "

(1872) ; "Oulita the Serf, a Tragedy" (1873); and "Ivan de Biron, or the Russian Court in the Middle of the Last Century" (1874). All his writings are marked by a philosophical tone and moral fervor, and Ruskin confesses his obligations to " the beautiful quiet English of Helps." He is understood to have assisted Queen Victoria in the preparation of her " Leaves from the Journal of our Life in the Highlands" (London, 1869).