Sir Charles Gavan Diffy, an Irish politician, born in Ulster in 1816. He is the son of a farmer, became a journalist at the age of 18, and for several years edited a newspaper at Belfast. While thus engaged he studied law and was called to the bar, but never practised. In 1842 he established the " Nation " in Dublin, a publication strongly in the interest of O'Connell and the advocates of repeal of the union; and in 1844 he was imprisoned with O'Connell and the prominent repealers. In 1848 he was tried with Smith O'Brien, Thomas Francis Meagher, and others, for sedition, but was acquitted. He then revived the " Nation," which had been suspended, and advocated various social reforms for Ireland, and between 1852 and 1856 represented New Ross in parliament. In the latter year he emigrated to Australia, where he has been a member of the colonial legislature, and of the ministry. In 1871 he became prime minister of the colony, and in 1873 was knighted. He is the author of "Ballad Poetry of Ireland."