Sir Goldworthy Gurney, an English inventor, born in Cornwall in 1793. He was educated for a physician, but gave his attention to chemistry, and in 1822 delivered a course of lectures at the Surrey institution on chemical science, which were published in 1823. He invented the Bude, oil vapor, lime, and magnesium lights, and claims to be the inventor of the oxyhy-drogen blowpipe, and to have first produced the startings of the magnetic needle by cross currents from the voltaic battery, which form the basis of the electric telegraph. He also invented the high-pressure steam jet and the tubular boiler, and in July, 1829, drove a steam carriage on the turnpike from London to Bath at the rate of 14 m. an hour. His high-pressure steam jet, being applied to locomotives in October, 1830, increased the speed from 12 m. an hour to 30. It has since been used for the ventilation of coal mines and for extinguishing fires in them. In 1849 he applied it to the consumption of poisonous gases from a sewer in London. In 1852 he was appointed to superintend the lighting and ventilating of the new houses of parliament, for which he had invented a new method. In 1863 he became paralyzed.
He resides at Reeds, Cornwall.