Sir Henry Clinton, an English soldier, born about 1738, died at Gibraltar in December, 1795. He was the grandson of Francis Fiennes Clinton, sixth earl of Lincoln, became a captain in the guards in 1758, served in the seven years' war, and was sent to America as major general in 1775. He took a prominent part in the battle of Bunker hill, and in the battle on Long Island which resulted in the evacuation of New York by the Americans; stormed Fort Clinton on the Hudson in 1777, in a vain effort to relieve Burgoyne; and was appointed commander-in-chief of the British land forces in America in January, 1778, superseding Gen.
Howe. After being forced by Washington to evacuate Philadelphia, he sent an expedition against Savannah in 1779, and led an army against South Carolina, capturing Charleston. In May, 1780, he entered into negotiations with Arnold; and he sailed from New York with 7,000 men to relieve Cornwallis on the very day that the latter capitulated. He was superseded by Sir Guy Carleton in 1781, returned to England in 1782, and died soon after he had been appointed governor of Gibraltar. He wrote a narrative of his conduct in America, a rejoinder to Lord Cornwallis's observations on it (1783), and "Observations on Stedman's History of the American War' " (1794).