Sir Henry James, an English engineer, born at Rose-in-Vale, near St. Agnes, Cornwall, in 1803. He studied at Woolwich, and became lieutenant of engineers in 1825, director of the geological survey of Ireland in 1844, and of the admiralty engineering works at Portsmouth in 1846, chief of the ordnance survey of the United Kingdom in 1852, and of the topographical and statistical departments of the ministry in 1857, which last two offices he still holds (1874). He was knighted in 1860, and made major general in 1868. He invented a new photographic process to which he applied the name of photozincography, and by means of which he made facsimiles of the "Domesday Book" in 32 volumes, and of " National Manuscripts from William I. to Queen Anne " (2 vols, fol., 1865). His other works comprise " Ordnance Survey in Ireland" (1855), "in Scotland" (2 vols., 1861), and "in England and Wales" (2 vols., 1861); " On Photozincography and other Photographic Processes " (1862); " Account of the principal Triangulation of the United Kingdom " (1864); and " Record of the Expedition to Abyssinia " (1870).