Sir Hudson Lowe, a British soldier, born in Galway, Ireland, July 28, 1769, died in 1844. He was the son of a surgeon general in the British army, and in early childhood went to America with his father's regiment. He was educated at Salisbury school, and received in 1787 an ensign's commission in the 50th foot, stationed at Gibraltar. He took part in the expedition to Corsica, served in Elba and Portugal, and becoming a captain was ordered in 1797 to Minorca, and organized the Corsi-can rangers, with which he joined the expedition to Egypt. He was engaged in the battles of Aboukir and Alexandria, led the advance of the army at Cairo, and received the proposals for the surrender of that city. His extreme vigilance, method, and zeal in this campaign drew from Sir John Moore the eulogium:

"Lowe, when you're at the outposts I always feel sure of a good night's rest." In 1803, on his return to England, he was made assistant quartermaster general, and was despatched on a secret mission to Portugal to ascertain its military condition and resources. After returning a favorable report he was ordered back to the Mediterranean to organize another corps of Corsican rangers, of which he was appointed lieutenant colonel. With this regiment he served throughout the war in Naples and Sicily. After the capture of the island of Capri, Lowe was placed in command of it with a garrison of 1,300 men, and he retained possession of it till 1808, when Gen. Lamarque with 3,000 French troops compelled him to surrender. After aiding in the conquest of the Ionian islands, he framed their provisional government, and presided over their civil as well as military administration with great success for two years. Early in 1813, together with Gen. Hope, Col. Lowe was intrusted with a mission to Sweden to induce the king to cooperate with the allies, and to Russia and Prussia to concert with the sovereigns of those countries the formation of a Russo-German legion.

He was present with the allies at the battle of Bautzen, and there saw for the first time the emperor Napoleon. Subsequently he was attached as a military commissioner to the allied army under Blucher, with which he entered Paris, where he remained till the suspension of hostilities and the abdication of Napoleon, of which he brought the first intelligence to London. He was immediately knighted, and in June following created a major general. During this summer he was appointed quartermaster general of the army in the Netherlands, with the duty of reporting on the fortresses to be established on that frontier as barriers against France. He held this post when Napoleon landed from Elba, but the duke of Wellington then appointed in his place Col. Sir William Howe De Lancey, whose sister Sir Hudson Lowe afterward married. In May, 1815, Lowe was appointed to the command of a British force ordered to act in concert with an Austro-Sardinian army and Lord Exmouth's fleet, in an attack upon the southern coasts of France. He felt acutely the course of the duke of Wellington toward him; and it was owing to this fact, and as a means of soothing his feelings, that, upon the surrender of Napoleon and his banishment to St. Helena, he was selected as the governor of that island and intrusted with the charge of the great captive.

Cool, firm, utterly incorruptible, and strict in carrying out instructions, possessed of a kind heart, warm feelings, and a very high sense of honor, but with a manner rendered unattractive by reason of a natural reserve and a mien rigidly military, he fulfilled his duties, which he accepted with reluctance, in a way which drew forth both severe censure and warm praise. On his return from St. Helena after the death of Napoleon in 1821, he was appointed to the government of Antigua; but family reasons prevented his accepting it, and in 1825 he was made commander of the forces in Ceylon. In 1830 he was promoted to be a lieutenant general, and he returned to England in 1831. He wrote, in defence of his course with the captive emperor, Memorial relatif a la captivite de Napoleon d Ste. Helene (2 vols., Paris, 1830). In 1853 the "History of the Captivity of Napoleon," from his letters and journals, was published by William Forsyth.