Sir Joseph Paxton, an English horticulturist, born at Milton-Bryant, near Woburn, Bedfordshire, Aug. 3, 1803, died at Sydenham, June 8, 1865. He was educated at the Woburn free school, and was subsequently employed as a gardener by the duke of Devonshire, who made him the manager of his Derbyshire estates, and superintendent of the works which rendered Chatsworth the most celebrated country seat in England. He planned and superintended the erection in 1851 of the crystal palace in London, for which he was knighted; and after the close of the exhibition he enlarged and reelected the building at Sydenham.
He was elected fellow of the horticultural society in 1826, and fellow of the Linnsean society in 1833; and in 1844 the emperor of Russia created him a knight of the order of St. Vladimir. From 1854 till his death he was member of parliament for Coventry. He published a " Practical Treatise on the Culture of the Dahlia" (1838), a "Cottage Calendar," and a "Pocket Botanical Dictionary," and edited the " Magazine of Botany and Flowering Plants," and with John Liudley " The Flower Garden " (3 vols. 4to, 1850-'53). He also assisted in editing the "Horticultural Register " and the " Botanical Magazine".