Sir Philip Bowes Vere Broke, a British admiral, born Sept. 9, 1776, died in Suffolk in 1841. He was educated at the royal academy in Portsmouth, entered the navy in 1792, served in the wars between France and Eng-gland, and was in command of the Shannon, protecting the whale fishery in the Greenland seas, when in 1812 war was declared between the United States and Great Britain. Despatched with a squadron to blockade the American ports, he appeared with the Shannon off the harbor of Boston, immediately after Capt. Lawrence had been promoted to the command of the Chesapeake. He sent a letter to Lawrence, challenging him to an engagement. The latter, however, deeming his appearance a challenge, had ordered the Chesapeake to lift her anchors before the letter reached its destination. The Chesapeake was badly manned, equipped, and officered, the crew being to a large extent foreign mercenaries murmuring about their prize money, the ship being one of the worst in the navy, the first lieutenant being sick on shore, and the posts of two others being filled by midshipmen. The action began June 1, 1813, at 5 h. 45 m. P. M., in sight of the shore lined with spectators; and within 15 minutes Lawrence was mortally wounded and his ship in the possession of the enemy.
For this victory Capt. Broke was made a baronet and knight commander of the bath.