Sir William Reid, a British meteorologist, born at Kinglassie, Fifeshire, in 1791, died in London, Oct. 31, 1858. He entered the army as lieutenant of royal engineers in 1809, served under the duke of Wellington in the Peninsula, was in America in the war of 1812, and again served under the duke in Belgium in 1815, being present at the, battle of Waterloo. In 1816 he took part, with the rank of captain, in the attack on Algiers. He subsequently became adjutant of the corps of sappers and miners, and in 1839 was elected a fellow of the royal society. He was appointed governor of Bermuda in 1838, and by his tact and skill greatly improved the agriculture of the island, its products being introduced through his efforts into the New York market. He was appointed governor of the Windward islands in 1846, and in 1848 returned to England, and was appointed commanding engineer at Woolwich. During the great exhibition of 1851 he was actively engaged in the promotion of its objects, and succeeded Robert Stephenson as chairman of the executive committee. In the same year he was appointed governor of Malta, and was knighted.

He held that post through the Crimean war, was made a major general in 1856, and returned to England in 1858. Having been detailed to superintend the repairs of the injury done by a severe hurricane in Barba-does in 1831, he devoted much time to the study of meteorology. He published "An Attempt to develop the Law of Storms by means of Facts, arranged according to Place and Time" (1838),. and "The Progress of the Development of the Law of Storms," etc. (1849).