Somerset, the name of four counties in the United States.
A W. County Of Maine, bordering on Canada, intersected by the Kennebec river, and drained by the head streams of the Penobscot and Walloostook rivers; area, 3,800 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 34,611. The surface is diversified, and the soil generally good. There are several small lakes, and the N. part is covered with forests, affording vast quantities of timber for export. The Maine Central and the Somerset railroads enter it. The chief productions in 1870 were 31,202 bushels of wheat, 106,657 of Indian corn, 296,-185 of oats, 92,767 of barley, 20,536 of buckwheat, 31,408 of peas and beans, 988,179 of potatoes, 113,481 tons of hay, 366,442 lbs. of wool, 796,238 of butter, and 169,349 of cheese. There were 7,222 horses, 11,132 milch cows, 5,886 working oxen, 14,954 other cattle, 78,-400 sheep, and 3,590 swine; 23 manufactories of carriages and wagons, 2 of edge tools and axes, 5 of furniture, 8 of tanned and 5 of curried leather, 1 of paints, 1 of paper, 6 of sash, doors, and blinds, 6 of turned and carved wood, 3 of woollen goods, 9 wool-carding and cloth-dressing establishments, 5 flour mills, and 39 saw mills.
A N. Central County Of New Jersey, bounded N. E. by the Passaic and W. by the Lamington river, intersected by the Raritan, and traversed by the Delaware and Raritan canal and several railroads; area, 275 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 25,510. The surface in some parts is very hilly, and the soil generally fertile, especially along the streams. The chief productions in 1870 were 218,766 bushels of wheat, 561,136 of Indian corn, 700,515 of oats, 86,684 of potatoes, 42,034 tons of hay, 22,457 lbs. of wool, 3,800 of flax, and 587,093 of butter. There were 6,263 horses, 9,992 milch cows, 4,922 other cattle, 7,302 sheep, and 7,883 swine; 2 manufactories of agricultural implements, 8 of cheese, 1 of pig iron, 3 of castings, 10 tanneries, 6 distilleries, 18 flour mills, and 7 saw mills. Capital, Somerville.
A S. W. County Of Pennsylvania, bordering on Maryland, bounded W. by the Youghiogheny river and Laurel ridge, and intersected in the south by Castleman's river; area, 1,000 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 28,226. The surface is generally mountainous, and the soil fertile. The glades are admirably adapted to grazing. The county abounds in bituminous coal, and iron ore, tire clay, and cannel coal of excellent quality are found. It is traversed by the Pittsburgh, Washington, and Baltimore railroad. The chief productions in 1870 were 134-, 64-1 bushels of wheat, 142,515 of rye, 92,277 of Indian corn, 559,616 of oats, 49,779 of buckwheat, 84,476 of potatoes, 51,327 tons of hay, 80,177 lbs. of wool, 1,344,522 of butter, 11,005 of flax, and 674,326 of maple sugar. There were 8,273 horses, 13,811 milch cows, 15,157 other cattle, 32,343 sheep, and 10,748 swine; 43 tanneries, 16 saw mills, and 14 woollen mills. Capital, Somerset.
A S. E. County Of Maryland, on the E. shore of Chesapeake bay, and bounded S. E. by the Pocomoke river and sound; area, about 400 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 18,190, of whom 7,274 were colored. The surface is level and the soil generally fertile. It is intersected by the Eastern Shore railroad. The chief productions in 1870 were 40,719 bushels of wheat, 251,883 of Indian corn, 100,110 of oats, 105,009 of Irish and 42,026 of sweet potatoes, and 9,090 lbs. of wool. There were 1,235 horses, 1,693 milch cows, 4,427 other cattle, 3,199 sheep, and 7,628 swine. Capital, Princess Anne.