I. Benjamin De Rohan

Benjamin De Rohan, seigneur de, a French soldier, born in La Rochelle in 1583, died in London, Oct. 9, 1642. He was a son of Rene II. de Rohan by Catharine Parthenay, the heiress of the house of Soubise, and the brother of Henri de Rohan (1579-1638), the celebrated Huguenot leader. After serving in Holland under Maurice of Nassau he was appointed in 1621, by the Protestant assembly at La Rochelle, commander of Poitou, Brittany, and Anjou. When the other chiefs had laid down their arms, he boldly but unsuccessfully defended St. Jean d'Angely; and his attempts to renew the war during the winter of 1622, and his mission to England to obtain help from James I., were equally abortive. In 1625, after taking a royal squadron and keeping at bay for several weeks the united French and Dutch fleets, he was defeated by Duke Henry II. of Montmorency and driven from the islands of Re and Oleron (Sept. 15), which he had occupied for some time. Having secured through the medium of Charles II. the hollow peace of April 6, 1626, he joined in 1627 the English in the fruitless attempt to relieve La Rochelle, and some time after the surrender of that stronghold he went to England, although permitted to remain in France. He was buried in Westminster abbey.

II. Charles De Rohan

Charles De Rohan, prince de, a French soldier, a descendant of the preceding, born in Paris, July 16, 1715, died there, July 4, 1787. He was notorious for his dissipation, and was a favorite of Louis XV. and his adjutant in Flanders, where he was appointed governor in 1748. In 1751 his governorship was extended over Hainaut. Through the influence of Mme. de Pompadour he became in 1753 allied to the royal family by the marriage of his daughter to the prince de Condi', who obtained for him a high command in the army of the Rhine (1756). He was surprised and routed at Gotha with 8,000 men by Seydlitz with 1,500 troops, and soon afterward he was ignominiously defeated by Frederick the Great at Rossbach (Nov. 5, 1757), where he commanded the united French and allied armies. Nevertheless he was appointed to other high commands and offices, and after varied successes and quarrels with fellow commanders, especially with the duke de Broglie, over whom he triumphed through his influence at court, his career in the army ended disastrously with his loss of Cassel, Nov. 1, 1761.