Spencer Perceval, an English statesman, born in London, Nov. 1, 1762, assassinated in the lobby of the house of commons, May 11, 1812. He was the second son of John, earl of Egmont. In 1786 he was called to the bar, and in 1796 entered parliament. He was a warm supporter of Pitt, whose favorable notice he attracted by a pamphlet on the abatement of the impeachment of Warren Hastings. In 1801 he was appointed solicitor general in the Addington ministry, and in 1802 attorney general, in which capacity he conducted the prosecution in the celebrated case of Peltier, indicted for a libel on Bonaparte during the peace of Amiens. He retained his post on the return of Mr. Pitt to office. He was an earnest opponent of the Catholic relief acts, and on the accession of the Fox-Grenville ministry went into opposition. In 1807 he was appointed chancellor of the exchequer in the duke of Portland's cabinet, and in 1809 he succeeded him as first lord of the treasury and premier. He was shot by John Bellingham, an English merchant resident in Archangel, who, for some alleged injury by the Russian government, had been unable to procure redress either from the British ambassador in St. Petersburg or from the British ministry.

Bellingham was convicted of murder and hanged. - See " Life of the Rt. Hon. Spencer Perceval," by his grandson Spencer Walpole (London, 1874).