A N. County Of Kentucky, intersected by Salt river; area, 280 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 5,956, of whom 1,479 were colored. The surface is hilly and the soil fertile. The chief productions in 1870 were 105,211 bushels of wheat, 16,470 of rye, 436,875 of Indian corn, 35,885 of oats, 1,852 tons of hay, 5,500 lbs. of tobacco, 15,385 of wool, 119,748 of butter, and 8,488 gallons of sorghum molasses. There were 8,018 horses, 538 mules and asses, 1,935 milch cows, 3,252 other cattle, 4,530 sheep, and 17,724 swine; 6 flour mills, and 4 distilleries. Capital, Taylorsville.
A S. W. County Of Indiana, bordering on the Ohio river, bounded E. by Anderson's creek and W. by Little Pigeon creek; area, 390 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 17,998. The surface is hilly in the W. part and level in the S., and the soil is fertile. Bituminous coal is abundant. The chief productions in 1870 were 123,663 bushels of wheat, 682,374 of Indian corn, 98,510 of oats, 79,597 of potatoes, 7,878 tons of hay, 3,019,970 lbs. of tobacco, 2i,416 of wool, and 49,006 gallons of sorghum molasses. There were 4,892 horses, 683 mules and asses, 3,711 milch cows, 5,720 other cattle, 14,054 sheep, and 23,506 swine; 5 manufactories of carriages and wagons, 5 of furniture, 2 of tobacco and snuff, 10 flour mills, 6 saw mills, and 3 planing mills. Capital, Rockport.
Anihrose, an American jurist, born at Salisbury, Conn., Dec. 13, 1765, died at Lyons, N. Y., March 13, 1848. He graduated at Harvard college in 1783, studied law, and commenced practice in Hudson, N. Y. In 1793 he represented Columbia co. in the state legislature; in 1795 and for seven consecutive years he was a state senator; in 1802 he was appointed attorney general, in 1804 made a justice of the supreme court, and in 1819 chief justice. He was a member of the constitutional convention of 1821, and was the author of the law abolishing the punishment of death in all cases except treason and murder. He resigned the office of chief justice in 1823, and resumed practice at Albany. He was for some years mayor of that city, and also represented the Albany district in congress. In 1839 he retired to Lyons.
John Canfield, an American jurist, son of the preceding, born in Hudson, N. Y., Jan. 8, 1788, died in Albany, May 18, 1855. He graduated at Union college in 1806, and in 1807 became private secretary of Gov. Tompkins. He was admitted to the bar in Canandaigua in 1809, was master in chancery and district attorney, a member of congress 1817-' 19, and several times of the state assembly and senate. In 1827 he was appointed one of the revisers of the statutes of the state, and in 1839 secretary of the state of New York. President Tyler in 1841 appointed him secretary of war, and in 1843 transferred him to the treasury department. He resigned in 1844, from opposition to the annexation of Texas. He served on many state commissions, and aided in the organization of the asylum for idiots and the improvement of the common school system. He edited De Tocqueville's " Democracy in America," with an original preface and notes (New York, 1838).
George John, second Earl Spencer, an English bibliophile, born Sept. 1, 1758, died Nov. 10, 1834. Under the courtesy title of Viscount Althorp, he was first lord of the admiralty from 1794 to 1801, and subsequently home secretary. On the death of his father in 1821 he took his seat in the house of lords. He possessed one of the largest and most remarkable private libraries in Europe, the nucleus of which he acquired in 1789 from the Hungarian baron Reviczky. See Dibdin's Bibliotheca Spenceriana (4 vols. 8vo, 1814-'15), and Aedcs Althorpianoe (2 vols., 1822).
John Charles, third Earl Spencer, an English statesman, son of the preceding, born May 30, 1782, died at Wiseton hall, Nottinghamshire, Oct. 1, 1845. He served in the house of commons as Viscount Althorp, during the whig administration of 1806-7 was junior lord of the treasury, and afterward a leader of the whig opposition until the return of the whigs to power in 1830, when ho was appointed chancellor of the exchequer, and became ministerial leader in the house of commons, through which he was instrumental in carrying the reform bill and the poor-law amendment bill. He resigned with his colleagues in November, 1834. About the same time he succeeded his father as Earl Spencer, and devoted himself to farming. He was the first president of the royal agricultural society.