Spoleto (anc. Spoletium), a city of central Italy, formerly capital of a papal delegation of the same name, and since 1860 of a district in the province of Perugia (division of Umbria), on the Mareggia, 60 m. N. N. E. of Rome; pop. in 1872, 20,748. The streets are steep, the city being built around a hill; on the top of this is the citadel, which was built by Theodoric, destroyed by Totila, restored by Narses, and subsequently enlarged. Spoleto has a line cathedral and many other churches, palaces, and relics of antiquity, including the arch known as the gate of Hannibal, who was repulsed here in 217 B. C. The chief articles of trade are maize, wine, fruit, and silk. - The ancient Spoletium was a flourishing Roman colony. After the fall of the western empire it was taken by the Goths. Under the Lombard kings it became the capital of a duchy, which soon acquired independence and authority over a considerable part of central Italy, and after various changes was in the 13th century annexed to the Roman see.

The town was sacked by Frederick Barbarossa, and in 1324 devastated by the Perugians; and it has suffered much from earthquakes.