Staffordshire, an inland and nearly central county of England, bordering on the counties of Chester, Derby, Leicester, Warwick, Worcester, and Salop; area, 1,138 sq. m.; pop. in 1871, 858,326. The river Trent traverses it in a S. E. direction, and has several considerable tributaries. Much of the surface consists of moorlands, elevated in some places 1,000 ft. above the sea. Staffordshire is an important manufacturing county, and coal, iron, copper, and lead mines are worked extensively. The leading manufactures are iron, hardware, and earthenware, of which last it is the chief seat in England, and which gives name to a division of the county called the Potteries. The pottery works established by Josiah Wedgwood are in this county. The ale breweries of Burton-upon-Trent are very extensive and celebrated, and there are cotton mills, glass works, and tanneries. The county has a network of roads, canals, and raihvays. The principal towns are Stafford, the capital, Lichfield, Burton-upon-Trent, Wolverhampton, Dudley, Tamworth, Walsall, Uttoxeter, Stoke-upon-Trent, Hanley, Burslem, and Newcastle-under-Lyme.