Stephen Colwell, an American merchant and author, born in Brooke co., W. Virginia, March 25, 1800, died in Philadelphia, Jan. 15, 1871. He was educated at Jefferson college, where he graduated in 1819; was admitted to the bar in 1821, and practised his profession for seven years in St. Clairsville, Ohio, and from 1828 to 1836 in. Pittsburgh. He afterward became an iron merchant in Philadelphia, and a manufacturer of iron, first at Weymouth, N. J., and afterward at Conshohocken on the Schuylkill. He was an active member and officer of many philanthropic societies, a director of several railroads, a trustee of the Presbyterian general assembly, and a commissioner under an act of congress in 1865 "to inquire and report upon the subject of raising by taxation such revenue as may be necessary to supply the wants of the government." He had long before made himself known as an original thinker and an able writer on political economy and other subjects. His principal writings, besides articles in reviews and magazines and reports from the revenue commission, are: "Letter on the Removal of the Deposits from the United States Bank" (1834); "New Themes for the Protestant Clergy" (1851); "Politics for American Christians" (1852); "Hints to a' Layman" (1853); "The Ways and Means of Payment" (1859); "The Five Cotton States and New York" (1861); "Southern Wealth and Northern Profits" (1861); "The Claims of Labor and their Precedence to the Claims of Free Trade" (1861); "Gold, Banks, and Taxation" (1864); "Financial Suggestions and Remarks" (1867). - See "A Memoir of Stephen Colwell," by Henry C. Carey (Philadelphia, 1872).