Count Friedrich Leopold, a German poet, born at Bramstedt, Holstein, Nov. 7, 1750, died near Osnabrtick, Dec. 5, 1819. After the death of his father, the Danish chamberlain Count Christian Gunther, who was the first of his rank to liberate his serfs, his mother imparted a strong religious bias to his education. From 1770 to 1772 he studied at Halle, and subsequently at Gottingen, where he and his brother became prominent members of the Dichterbund. In his travels in 1775 he was with Goethe at Frankfort and other places, and next at Weimar, where ho accepted an office at the court; but Klopstock prevailed upon him to enter the service of the prince-bishop of Lubeck, who in 1777 sent him as envoy to Copenhagen. He married Anna von Witzleben in 1782, and resided at Eutin, where through his influence Voss became rector. In 1786 he was transferred to an office at Neuenburg in Oldenburg. After his wife's death in 1788 he sought solace in the society of the count and countess Revent-low at Emkendorf, and their influence made him more orthodox.
Soon afterward he was appointed Danish ambassador at Berlin, and in 1790 he married the countess Sophia von Redern. He was appointed by the prince-bishop district governor at Eutin, but obtained leave of absence, and visited Munster, where he became acquainted with the ultramontane princess Amalia Gallitzin, and afterward Romie, where his growing partiality for Catholicism was greatly increased. Seven years later he and his whole family, excepting his elder daughter, formally joined the Catholic church (June 1, 1800). This alienated him from many of his former friends, especially from Voss, and his conversion influenced that of the younger Schlegel and the tone of other writers of the romantic school. He resigned his office at Eutin in the same year, and resided at Miinster till 1812, when the surveillance to which his censure of the government subjected him drove him to a secluded locality near Bielefeld, and in 1816 he removed to his Hanoverian domain of Sondermtihlen. His poetical works form the largest portion of the Werke der Bruder Stolbcrg (22 vols., Hamburg, 1821-'6). Among his other works are Die Insel, a prose romance developing the Utopian scheme of a model republic, dramas with choruses, translations of the Iliad and of parts of Plato, AEschylus, and Ossian, and Geschiclite der Religion Jesu Christi (15 vols., Hamburg, 1811-'18; continued by Fr. Kerz to vol. xlv., Mentz, 1825-'46, and by Brischar to vol. lii., 1849-'59). - See Der Graf Friedrich Leopold von Stolberg und seine Zeitgenossen, by Menge (2 vols., Gotha, 1862).
Count Christian, brother of the preceding, born in Hamburg, Oct. 15, 1748, died near Eckernforde, Schleswig, Jan. 18, 1821. He was associated with his brother at Gottingen, and shared in many of his poetical and other labors. He held an office at Tremsbuttel, Holstein, from 1777 to 1800. His wife, originally countess of Reventslow, figures in his poems as his beloved Louisa.