Suliotes, a people of mixed Albanian and Greek descent, who formerly dwelt in the southern part of the pashalik of Janina, the ancient Epirus. They derive their origin from a number of families who in the 17th century fled from the tyranny of the Turks and took possession of the ridge of the Suli mountains and the valleys on both sides of it. In the second half of the 18th century the population numbered about 10,000, half Parasuliotes (subjugated people of different origin), and dwelt in 70 villages, Kako-Suli, 1,200 ft. above the river Acheron, being the chief. Near this village they erected the castle of Suli on a semilunar mountain, which terminates in so narrow a ridge as hardly to leave a path from one fortification to another. The Suliotes belonged to the Greek church, and their language was Albanian, although they also spoke Greek; their form of government was a mixture of oligarchy and democracy. They were divided into about 30 tribes or clans. In war they usually fought as skirmishers, each clan having its captain, subject to an officer called pole-march, who was elected by vote.

In the war of 1787-'92 between Russia and Turkey, the Suliotes strongly supported the former power, defeated in 1789 the troops of Ali Pasha of Janina, ravaged Acarnania to the Achelous in 1790, and afterward invaded Arta and Janina, and aided the corsair Lambro Canzani with men and money. Deserted by the Russians after the peace of 1792, they fought desperately and successfully against the troops of Ali Pasha, who sought to exterminate them, and secured a truce for a few years. But in May, 1801, Ali renewed the war and put large numbers to the sword; the women threw themselves into the river rather than be captured. Most of the survivors, about 4,000, in 1803 retired to Parga. Compelled by Ali to leave this place, they went to the Ionian islands. Many after-Avard enlisted in the Greek regiments raised by the English during the war, which were disbanded in 1814. When in 1820 Ali Pasha, in revolt against the Porte, was hard pressed by the Turks under Kurshid Pasha, and deserted by the Albanians, he recalled the Suliotes. The tyrant of Janina fell in 1822, but the Suliotes remained hostile to the Porte, adhering to the cause of Grecian liberty.

In spite of the heroic efforts of their leader, Marco Bozzaris, the Suliotes were hemmed in in their inaccessible valley; and at last, Suli being taken, Sept. 4, 1822, they accepted the offer of an asylum from the governor of the Ionian islands. About 2,000 were carried in English ships to Cephalonia, the remainder dispersing among the mountains.