Summer, the warm season of the year, including astronomically the time between the vernal and autumnal equinoxes, or from about the 21st of June till about the 22d of September. The calendar summer comprises in the United States the months of June. July, and August; in England, May, June, and July. In the southern hemisphere the summer months are December, January, and February according to the American method of regarding the seasons, or November, December, and January according to the English method. Between the tropics there is no summer properly so called, the hottest times being those when the sun passes to the zenith at noon, which at the equator will correspond to the vernal and autumnal equinoxes, the two dates being on our summer side of the equinoxes for places N. of the equator, and on our winter side in places S. of the equator. - The Indian summer is a period of warm, pleasant weather, which usually occurs every year over the northern portion of the United States after the autumnal storms, and continues often without interruption two or three weeks.
It appears to be a more decided season in the interior than near the coast, and in the region of the great lakes is especially noticeable, the waters during its continuance remaining placid, and the atmosphere filled with a peculiar haziness. The Indians regarded it as the gift of their most honored deity, the god of the southwest, who sends the S. W. winds, and to whom they believed their souls to go after their decease.
Summers, a central county of West Virginia, bounded S. W. by the Meadow river, and intersected by Gauley river. It has been formed since the census of 1870 from Nicholas co. The surface is greatly diversified, and the valleys are productive. The staples are wheat, corn, oats, hay, and dairy products. Capital, Hinton.