Taganrog, a city of southern Russia, in the government of Yekaterinoslav, on a promontory formed by the sea of Azov, 18 m. from the mouth of the Don and 27 m. N. W. of Azov; pop. in 1867, 25,027, including many Armenians and Greeks. It is strongly fortified, and despite the shallowness of the harbor it is the principal port of the sea of Azov. The exports in 1873, chiefly wheat, amounted to 28,797,839 rubles, and the imports to 8,048,-663. The town has four large squares. The principal buildings are the cathedral, the admiralty, the marine hospital, the quarantine, the exchange, the theatre, and the palace near the Greek monastery of Jerusalem, built by Alexander I., who died and has a monument here. It was originally founded in 1696, but the present city dates from 1768. Taganrog was much damaged in 1855 by the bombardment from French and English gunboats, as well as the neighboring seaport Mariupol (founded in 1779 by Greeks; pop. about 6,000), which is under the municipal authority of Taganrog.