Tayler Lewis, an American scholar, born in Northumberland, Saratoga co., N. Y., in 1802. He graduated at Union college in 1820, studied law in Albany, and began to practise at Fort Miller. Occupying his leisure in the study of the Hebrew Bible, he was led to give to Biblical and classical studies a large part of his time for nearly ten years. At length he abandoned the practice of law altogether, and in 1833 opened a classical school in Waterford, whence he removed in 1835 to a school in Ogdensburgh. In 1838 he became professor of Greek in the university of New York, in which post he continued 11 years. He acquired an unusually wide acquaintance with the Greek and Latin classics, and a knowledge of the Arabic and Syriac, and read the Koran and other Arabic writings and the writings of the Hebrew rabbis. His special interest in the system of Plato led him to publish a translation of the " Theae'-tetus," with notes; and in 1845 he published the Greek text of the tenth book of Plato's dialogue, "The Laws," under the title "Platonic Theology, or Plato against the Atheists," with critical and explanatory notes, and illustrative dissertations, showing profound learning.
In 1840 he was chosen professor of Greek in Union college, where he still remains (1874), and where he has lectured on ancient philosophy and poetry, and given instruction in the oriental tongues. In 1855 he published " The Six Days of Creation," his best known work, maintaining on philological grounds the harmony of the Scriptures and geology. In reply to criticisms upon this work he published " The Bible and Science " (1856). " The Divine Human in the Scriptures " (1860) applies the same ideas to the whole Bible, maintaining that the language is phenomenal that it may be intelligible, while the thought is divine. Dr. Lewis wrote many of the articles in " Harper's Magazine" under the title of "The Editor's Table" for nearly five years (1851 - '6), and has contributed largely to other periodicals, discussing topics of theology, philology, and present social and political interest. He has also published "State Rights, a Photograph from the Ruins of Ancient Greece " (1864), and " Heroic Periods in a Nation's History" (1866); with G. B. Cheever, " Defence of Capital Punishment" (1845); and with E. W. Blyden and Theodore Dwight, " The People of Africa, their Character, Condition, and Future Prospects " (1871). He has translated Lange's commentary on Ecclesiastes, and, with Dr. Gosman, that on 'Genesis. He received the degree of LL. D. from Union college in 1844.