I. David, Called The Elder

Called The Elder David, a Flemish painter, born in Antwerp in 1582, died there in 1649. He was educated in the school of Rubens, subsequently studied in Italy, and after his return to Antwerp devoted himself exclusively to cabinet pictures. His favorite subjects were rural sports and merrymakings, alehouse interiors, chemists' laboratories, and grotesque subjects, such as the temptation of St. Anthony. He was greatly distinguished as a colorist, and his pictures commanded during his lifetime large prices.

II. David, The Younger

The Younger David, born in Antwerp in 1610, died in Brussels, Feb. 11, 1685. He early displayed a genius far superior to that of his father in the same specialty of painting, and found a patron in the Austrian archduke Leopold at Brussels, governor of the Spanish Netherlands, who appointed him gentleman of his bedchamber and his principal painter. The king of Spain appropriated a special gallery to his works, and he had hardly time to meet the fast increasing demand for them. He became director of the academy of Antwerp in 1644, but spent most of his life in the country near Mechlin, in order to familiarize himself with the life of the peasantry. His extraordinary facility in imitating the paintings in the archduke's gallery caused him to be called the Proteus of his art, and he was not less remarkable for his rapid, faithful, and elaborate execution. His charming delineations of the haunts and amusements of the toiling classes made him the most popular of all Flemish painters. He produced more than 1,000 pictures, including some of stupendous size.

Among those best known are "The Village Wedding," "The Prodigal Son," "Heron Shooting," "The Bagpipe Player," and others in the Louvre, and "A Music Party," "Boors Regaling," "The Misers," and "Players at Trictrac," in the national gallery of London.