The Simple Charles III., the eighth king of the Carlovingian dynasty, born Sept. 17, 879, died at Peronne, Oct. 7, 929. A posthumous son of Louis the Stammerer, he was excluded from the throne first by his brothers, then by Charles the Fat of Germany, and finally by the election of Eudes. As soon, however, as he became of age, he asserted his claim to the crown, sought for the protection of the Carlovingian princes of Germany, and was in 898 recognized as king by the majority of the French nation. Being unable to resist the incessant aggressions of the Normans, he concluded a treaty with their chief Rollo, at St. Clair-sur-Epte, in 911, by which he bestowed upon him as a duchy the whole N. W. part of Neustria, also giving him his sister in marriage. For a few years France enjoyed comparative quiet, but in 922 the barons revolted against the narrow-minded Charles, and elected as king Robert, the brother of Eudes. Charles defeated his rival, and killed him with his own hand; but he was in his turn defeated by the son of Robert, Hugh the Great, count of Paris; and having sought a refuge with Herbert, count of Vermandois, he was detained by him as prisoner until his death.

The party which opposed the Carlovingians then reigned paramount, and it was not till 93G that Louis IV. d'Outrcmer, the son of Charles, became king.