Theodoros Colocotroms, a modern Greek general, born in Messenia, April 3, 1770, died in Athens, Feb. 4, 1843. His father and grandfather both fell fighting against the Turks, and Theodoros was habituated from his youth to the hardships of guerilla warfare. In 1806 he was compelled to fly from the Morea in order to escape the Turks, to whom his name had become a terror, and entered the military service of the Ionian Islands. Immediately on the outbreak of the revolution in 1821 he landed in the Morea, and was soon at the head of a large band of Greeks. In the two following years he was actively engaged in the operations against the Turks, distinguished himself especially at the taking of Tripolitza and Corinth, and contributed greatly to the victory over Mahmoud Dramali in 1822. But instead of bending all his energies toward the achievement of Grecian independence, he engaged in quarrels with his brother chiefs, and at last made open war upon the recognized government. He was unsuccessful in his revolt, however, and, having been defeated and taken prisoner, was confined on the island of Hydra. But the Grecian leaders were soon compelled to liberate him, and to place him at the head of affairs in the Morea, in order to satisfy the people of that part of Greece, among whom he was very popular, and to oppose the progress of Ibrahim Pasha. In 1827 he assisted to elect Capo d'Istria president of Greece, and was afterward confirmed by him in his command of the Morea. He was a member of the provisional government established after the assassination of that statesman in 1831. Opposed to the regency which was established during the minority of Otho, and detected in a conspiracy against that government, he was condemned to death in April, 1834. His punishment was, however, in consideration of the valuable services he had rendered the state, commuted to imprisonment for 20 years in the citadel of Nauplia; and Otho on his being declared of age in the following year granted him a full pardon, restored him to his old rank as general, and bestowed on him the decoration of the order of the Saviour. From this time until his death he lived quietly at Athens, where he composed his "Memorabilia" relating to the history of Greece from 1770 to 1836, which were published at Athens in 1851.