Theophile Malo Corret De Latour D'Auvergne, a French soldier, born at Carhaix, Brittany, Nov. 23, 1743, fell at Oberhausen, Bavaria, June 27, 1800. He entered the French army in 1767, and subsequently the Spanish, and in 1782 served at the siege of Port Mahon. In the service of the French republic he distinguished himself at Chambery and in the Pyrenees. He refused promotion, saying that he was only fit to command a company of grenadiers. All the grenadier companies being however united in one, he found himself, while still retaining the simple title of captain, at the head of 8,000 men, who as a part of the vanguard of the army soon became the terror of the enemy under the name of "the infernal column.1' After the peace of Basel (1795) he retired from service, and devoted himself to literary work. Making a sea voyage for his health, he was taken prisoner by an English privateer, but was exchanged in 1797. He reentered the army as substitute for the son of a friend, fought under Massena in Switzerland, rejoined his own company in Germany in 1800, and fell by the lance of a uhlan, exclaiming that it was in this manner he wished to die.
Napoleon, by order of the directory, at one time sent him a sword with an inscription declaring him to be the first grenadier of France, which he refused to accept, saying: "Among us soldiers there is neither first nor last." A monument was erected on the spot where he fell, and his heart, embalmed and kept in a silver vase, was carried by his company. His name continued till 1814 to be called at roll, when the oldest sergeant answered: "Died on the field of honor." He was the author of a work entitled Nonvelles recherches sur la langue, l'origine et les antiquites des Bretons (Bayonne, 1792; reprinted with the title Ori-gines gauloises, Hamburg, 1802).