Thomas Banks, an English sculptor, born at Lambeth, Dec. 22,1735, died in London, Feb. 2, 1805. His father gave him a good education, and then placed him under the instruction of Kent, the architect. In 1770 he won the gold medal of the royal academy. His group of "Mercury, Argos, and Io" fairly established his reputation. In 1772 he went to Rome as the academy's foreign student, and spent three years there studying the antique models and exercising his own talents. He produced several groups, among them "Caractacus pleading before Claudius," and "Psyche and the Butterfly." The latter was purchased by the empress Catharine II., who invited him to visit St. Petersburg, where he was cordially received and commissioned to execute a group called "Armed Neutrality." His masterpiece, the "Mourning Achilles," was placed in the British institution. Elected a member of the academy, he presented to that institution a fine figure of a fallen Titan. His most popular work was a monument representing the infant daughter of Sir Brooke Boothby.